Common Internet and Web Terms Defined For Small Businesses

Common Internet and Web Terms Defined For Small Businesses

Common Internet And Web Terms Defined For Small Businesses

Common Internet And Web Terms Defined For Small BusinessesThe small business glossary includes many common internet and web terms that small business owners may come across. Learn more about the Internet and Web by visiting our blogposts “What Small Business Owners Need to Know About the Internet?” – click here and “Simplified Explanation of How the Internet Works – click here. These blog posts are also use the common internet and web terms defined below.

Some of the most important Internet related terms are:

  • Domain Name: A domain name is a name that you select to identify your website. Each domain name is unique and can only be owned by one person (or company). In addition, the domain name is used for finding and identifying the computer on the Internet where your website is hosted. On a technical level, your domain name stands in place of an IP Address. Note: Domain Names are actually more complicated that and serve to identify Internet resources, such as computers, networks, and services, with a text-based label (rather than the numerical addresses used in the Internet protocols).
  • Domain – Top Level: The top-level domain is the highest level of the domain name and is the last segment of a domain name (the part that comes after the final dot). The standard top-level domains include .com (commercial business), .edu – (educational institutions), .gov (government agencies), .mil (military), .net (networks organization), .org (organizations – nonprofit), and many more.
  • Domain – Second Level: The Second Level domain is to the left of the dot and the name you have selected for your business. An example will campbellstreeservicenc in
  • Domain – Sub: A subdomain can be added to the domain to navigate to different sections of your website or of different websites. An example will be In other words, it is possible to have different websites using the same domain name but different subdomains.
  • Domain Name Registrar: A domain name registrar is a business that is accredited to sell/register/reserve domain names and assign the IP addresses to those domains. Domain Name Registrar must be accredited with Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN).
  • Domain Name System (DNS): The Domain Name System is a hierarchical and decentralized naming system for computers, services, or other resources connected to the Internet. The DNS is the phone book of the Internet and converts a human readable domain name (e.g. to Internet Protocol (IP) address (
  • DNS Server: A DNS Server maintains a directory of domain names and translate them to Internet Protocol (IP) addresses. Each domain has at least one authoritative DNS server.
  • File Transfer Protocol (FTP): File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is a standard Internet protocol for transmitting files between computers on the Internet over TCP/IP connections.
  • Home Page: A home page is the main or index page of your website web site. If you type for example in the browser address bar, it opens the home page of the North Carolina Coalition for Israel.
  • Host: A host refers to any computer that is used to transfer data on the Internet and each host has its unique IP Address.
  • Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML): Hyper Text Markup Language or HTML is basic web publishing language used to create electronic documents (called pages) that are viewed in a web browser on the World Wide Web. HTML uses hundreds of different tags to define a layout for web pages that creatively link text, pictures, music, programs, etc., and give instructions to the browser what to do with them.
  • Hyper Text Transfer Protocol (HTTP): Hyper Text Transfer Protocol orHTTP is part of the Internet protocol suite that defines the commands and services used to transfer webpage data. HTTP defines what actions Web servers and browsers should take in response to various commands.
  • Internet: The Internet is a gigantic system of interconnected computer networks around the world that uses the standardized Internet TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol) Protocol Suite to operate.
  • Internet Protocol Address (IP Address): The Internet Protocol Address or IP Address is a unique numerical label assigned to each device (e.g., computer, smartphone ore resource) connected to the Internet Protocol for communication. The address serves two principal functions namely host or network interface identification and location addressing. An IP address is identified by a set of unique numbers such as
  • Internet Service Provider (ISP): An Internet Service Provider or ISP is a business that provides access to the Internet. In addition, the ISP route Internet traffic and maintains the network infrastructure that makes Internet access possible.
  • Java: Java is an object-oriented programming language and computing platform first released by Sun Microsystems in 1995. There are lots of applications and websites that will not work unless you have Java installed. Java is free to access and can run on all platforms.
  • JavaScript: JavaScript is a text-based programming/scripting language that allows you to make web pages interactive. It allows you to create and control dynamic website content based on user behavior, data, and preferences without requiring you to manually reload a web page. HTML and CSS give structure and style to web pages, while JavaScript gives web pages interactive elements that engage a user.
  • Malware: Malware is malicious software intentionally designed to cause damage to a computer, server, client, or computer network. A wide variety of types of malware exist, including computer viruses, worms, Trojan horses, spyware, ransomware, adware, and rogue software.
  • Packet Switching: Packet Switching is a mode of data transmission in which a message is broken into several parts. The parts are sent independently, over whatever route is optimum for each packet, and are reassembled at the destination. Packet switching is the primary basis for data communications in computer networks worldwide.
  • PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor): PHP is a widely used open-source general-purpose scripting language that is especially suited for web development. PHP is a powerful tool to create dynamic and interactive Web pages that interact with databases. More technical, PHP is a server-side scripting language that is embedded in HTML. The webpage is an example of a PHP web page using PHP.
  • Search Engine: A web search engine or Internet search engine is an online tool that enables users to locate information on the World Wide Web. Search engines utilize automated software applications (referred to as robots, bots, or spiders) that that travels the Web (hence the name “spider”), locating, and indexing websites for search engines. The information gathered by the spiders is used to create a searchable index of the Web. Popular search engines are Google, YouTube, Bing, Amazon, Yahoo, Opera, Yandex, DuckDuckGo, Yippy, and WebCrawler .
  • Server: A server is a computer with the required software to perform a specific role within the computer network (i.e. application server, communications server, database server, fax server, web server, etc).
  • Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP): TCP/IP is a suite of communication protocols (rules and procedures) allowing one computer to talk to another computer via the Internet. This is done through compiling packets of data and sending them to the right location.
  • Uniform Resource Locator (URL): The Uniform Resource Locator or URL is a protocol to specify the complete web address used to find a particular web page. While the domain (e.g. is the name of the website, a URL will lead to any one of the pages within the website (e.g. will display the Contact Us page. Note: More technically Uniform Resource Locator (URL) is an addressing scheme that is used on the Internet to locate resources and/or services on the World Wide Web.
  • User Interface (UI): A user interface or UI is the means in which a person controls a software application or hardware device. In other words, the user interface is the point of human-computer interaction and communication on a device, a webpage, or app.
  • Virus: A computer virus is a type of computer program that, when executed, replicates itself by modifying other computer programs and inserting its own code. Viruses are programs written to mess with you and can target your hard drive, completely erasing it. A virus could come attached to any file you download from the Internet (a web page that you view). A popular way of spreading a virus is by hiding it in the attached E-mail files. Note: Never visit suspect websites sites or open suspicious emails.
  • Web Browser: A web browser (commonly referred to as a browser) is a software application that runs on your computer and allows you to access information on the World Wide Web. It reads and interprets the HTML of Web pages. Your browser allows you to shop online, display documents, view pictures, hear sound, play games, watch videos, and do much more on the World Wide Web. Our blogposts “What Small Business Owners Need to Know About the Internet?” provides more detail on how a web browser works. Browers include Google Chrome, Microsoft Edge, Mozilla Firefox, Opera, Vivaldi, Maxthon Cloud Browser, and Torch Browser.
  • Web Host: A Web Host, or web hosting service provider, is a business that provides the technologies and services needed to store all the pages of your website and makes them available to computers connected to the Internet.
  • Web Page: A Web Page is single, usually a hypertext document on the World Wide Web that can incorporate text, graphics, sounds, etc. and is part of a Website.
  • Web Server: A web server is a computer that runs web server programs and stores the website pages and databases. Web servers accepts HTTP requests from web browsers and provide the web pages and linked objects (images, etc.) to be displayed within the browser.
  • Website: A website is a set of Web pages and related content (e.g. audio files, images, and videos) that is identified by a common domain name and published on a web server connected to the Internet.
  • World Wide Web (Web): The World Wide Web or web is the universe of information which can be accessed via the Internet using a web browser.

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